The Transit Oriented Development policy and regulations, which focuses on high-density, mixed-use development around public transport networks such as metro stations, was finally approved by Delhi Development Authority (DDA).
This aims at encouraging use of public transport over private modes by developing mixed-income buildings within a short distance of a rapid public transport networks such as Delhi Metro, has been hanging fire for the past four years.
The proposal will be forwarded to the Union housing and urban affairs ministry for its approval and notification. The areas to be developed as a pilot project will be around five busy metro stations Mayur Vihar Extension, Dwarka Sector 21, Rohini Sector 18, Mukundpur, Sarojini Nagar and INA.
The plan has been developed to reduce congestion and pollution on Delhi’s roads. With the areas around busy metro stations being developed as TOD nodes, people will be able to visit these places for work, shopping or recreation by using the metro. The commercial-cum-residential hubs will be developed by private consortiums.
The development will start with these five stations and then choose more. At least eight hectares are likely to be developed around each station. Private players will develop the areas and DDA will approve the plans. The neighbouring facilities such as railway and rapid rail stations will also be developed. The policy allows a high floor area ratio of 500. The policy will facilitate complete ease of access to induce people to walk, cycle and use public transportation over personal modes of transport.
Compact mixed-use, mixed-income developments where residential, commercial, civic or institutional establishments are located close to each other will allow local communities to be formed, with vibrant round-the-clock active spaces like plazas, shared parks and open spaces, and other facilities for leisure and recreation.
The policy will open up development opportunity for the private sector and help cross-subsidise social amenities, affordable housing and public transport. The developers will submit detailed plans and designs of a hub to a committee, which will have officials of DDA and local civic agencies. Once a no-objection certificate is given, the work will be carried out under DDA’s supervision.