As proposed by the Minister for transport, Nitin Gadkari the government has decided to switch from bitumen to cement as the prefered row material for all new road projects. According to two ministry officials, the detailed project reports for new road projects will assess the project cost factoring cement as the raw material. Mr. Gadkari has proposed the use of cement for road construction on the grounds that it is more durable and cheaper to maintain than bitumen in the long run, even though it is more expensive. To be sure, cement will be used as the raw material for the project unless the government-appointed consultant for evaluating the project makes a case against it. The use of cement will be supported for all projects bid under all models—BOT (build-operate-transfer) toll, EPC (engineering-procurement-construction) and BOT annuity.