India is the second country after only the US in terms of ‘green’ footprint, however, only four percent of its buildings are ‘green’. The lack of technical expertise in project execution and funding are amongst the largest hurdles ahead of the widescale implementation of environmentally responsible and resource-efficient buildings. Tata is amongst the forerunners in terms of ‘green’ implementation across its projects. The Masterbuilder interviewed Mr Sanjay Dutt, MD & CEO TRIL & Tata Housing on TRIL’s ‘green’ movement. The excerpts are below.
How is TRIL pioneering change in the way projects in India are being carried out?
At Tata’s, we strongly believe in sustainable growth and development. All our projects are Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) pre-certified. We aim to provide the customers with a whole-building approach in all key areas of human and environmental health. These include natural ventilation and illumination, and designed to work with the exterior environment, etc. The advanced standards are being used to optimize comfort and utility, thereby contributing to an excellent living and working lifestyle.
For example, we constructed Bangalore’s first LEED Gold Rated Green Building, Xylem. We adopted the mandate of implementing eco-friendly and sustainable green building technologies.
Another project in Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh, Myst has been awarded a Platinum rating certification from Indian Green Building Council (IGBC). It is India’s first residential development created using biophilic design. Myst, known for its sustainable practices and solutions, is an ex-clusive gated community that blends contemporary design seamlessly with the unique ecology of the area. Designed by the world-renowned sustainable architectural firm, Llewelyn Davies Yeang, Myst was designed to eliminate stark distinctions between built-up structures and natural surroundings. Our ‘Promont’ in Bengaluru has also received IGBC Platinum certification. The platinum certification stands for Global Leadership in Green Building.
Globally, resources are being consumed at a faster pace than they can be replaced. Can you tell us more about how TRIL is addressing this concern?
Following are major considerations adopted while creating a sustainable structure:
- Amenities like schools, hospitals etc. are in walking distances
- Minimum disturbance of natural land profile required to develop the site
- Availability of construction material nearby
- Maximise use of natural light and ventilation
- Use of renewal energy source like solar and wind
- Efficient design to minimise water and energy use
- Reuse of waste water
- Sourcing construction material from nearby location
- Recycling and reuse of construction material
- Use of low VOC material
- Minimise use of water for construction by recycle and reuse
Operation and Maintenance
- Regular maintenance of Green amenities like Building Automation systems, STP, WTP etc.
- Use of energy efficient and water efficient appliances
- Recycle and reuse of construction debris
How is TRIL guiding and supporting policy change for the adoption of sustainable practices?
The incentives provided to green projects are not uniform across India. Instead, they vary from city-to-city. For instance, only Pune and Pimpri- Chinchwad in Maharashtra provide additional Floor Area Ratio (FAR) for certified green projects. A few states like Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab provide incentives in all cities but the extent of incentive varies across cities. More often than not, most states offer an additional FAR, free of charge as is in the case of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Pune. However, the percentage offered is at the state government’s discretion.
As one of the pioneers in Green Buildings, we at TRIL, try to closely monitor the impact our projects would have on the environment- during the construction and post takeover. Homebuyers today are getting smarter and understand the importance of going ‘green’. This is gradually leading to an increased demand for green buildings. With increased government support in the form of tax rebates and policies, developers across the country may be encouraged to not only follow sustainable practices but to develop green buildings.
How is India’s real estate sector evolving vis-à-vis sustainability and what does it mean for the stakeholders of the industry?
There is no second thought to it that sustainability is a fundamental concern for the real estate sector, involving all stakeholders. And it is this concern that is not going unnoticed and instead driving industry to look for newer technologies and methods to reduce environmental impact and at the same time achieve sustainable development goals.
What are TRIL’s plans for India’s real estate sector?
Keeping with the Tata’s philosophy of leadership in sectors of national economic significance, Tata Realty and Infrastructure Ltd. was setup to identify the most promising opportunities for growth in the Indian real estate and infrastructure arena. TRIL focused on long-term infrastructure projects of national significance as well as mixed use projects in the real estate sector.
Tata Realty and Infrastructure Limited has created a strong foothold in the commercial sector with over 14mn sq. ft. area developed and 5.5mn sq. ft. under various stages of development across 11 projects. The company also has 1.3mn sq. ft. of world-class malls housing global marquee brands.