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High Rise Construction Challenges


Concrete is an essential and main component of any construction. Main challenges when concreting at great heights:

  • High performance concrete (HPC)
  • Conveying (Pumping) concrete to the required height
  • Workability (Flowability) over time

High performance concrete (HPC):

The strength of the high performance concrete ranges from 50Mpa 100Mpa

Requirement of HPC:

  • Very low water/Cement ratio generally less than 0.3
  • Considerably high cement content
  • Part of cement is replaced by cemen-titious materials
  • Use of High efficient Superplasticizers

Challenges for Making High Performance concrete:

  • Variations in fine & coarse aggregates
  • Different source of cement with varying mineralogy
  • Different cementitious materials properties
  • Varying climatic conditions

A robust Superplasticizers is the solution to the above challenges – Sika® ViscoCrete® technology



Conveying or pumping the concrete to the desired height:

Because of very low water/cement ratio and high fines content the concrete becomes very sticky, very viscous and difficult to pump.

Sika® ViscoCrete® technology helps in reducing the viscosity, yield stress, giving better fresh concrete behaviour even at such a low water/binder ratio so that concrete can be pumped easily to the required height.

Workability over time:

To bring the concrete from long distances or site batched concrete. The concrete should have minimum flow retention period of 2-3 hours for pumping and finishing and it should set normally.

Sika® ViscoCrete® technology retention polymers helps in retaining (work-ability) flowability for hours without any effect on the setting time of the concrete.

Product/ Technology

Superplasticizers (Sika Viscocrete Technology):

Sika ViscoCrete admixture Technology is based on new generation PCE polymers.

PCE polymers are very versatile polymers unlike SNF polymers. PCE polymers are taylor made could be designed according to specific requirements.

  • Adsorption speed
  • Water reduction
  • High workability
  • Reduced Stickiness
  • Stability / Viscosity
  • Slump retention without retardation
  • Less sensitive

According to above properties polymers could be formulated to achieve desired properties.

With the use of Sika ViscoCrete technology following properties could be well achieved:

  • Better fresh concrete behavior
  • Stable mix
  • Less viscous
  • Less stickiness
  • High water reduction
  • Slump flow retention without retardation
  • Durable concrete structure
  • Better cost performance
  • Sustainable concrete mix
  • Easily pumpable to the desired height

For further Details

Ibrahim Shaikh
Sr. Product Manager, Sika India Pvt. Ltd.
Email: shaikh.ibrahim@in.sika.com
Web: ind.sika.com


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