The Government has launched several ambitious signature projects that would accelerate the growth of India. Here we take a closer look below at the top ten infrastructure projects in India by the current Government.
1. Sagarmala Project
To support the BJP-led government’s Make in India initiative the Sagarmala Project, proposes across major and non-major ports of India fourteen Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ). Promotion of port- led direct and indirect development and provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost- effectively is the main focus of this prject. The project is estimated to cost around Rs 12, 00,000 crore. The government wants to implement the projects worth Rs 5, 00,000 crore under the ambitious programme by May 2019.
The CEZs are expected to increase India’s merchandise exports by 110 billion by enhancing industrial competitiveness. The proposed port-led development will not only reduce logistics costs by optimising movement of cargo, but also impact competitiveness in availability or raw materials, skills, supporting infrastructure and existing industrial agglomeration.
Kachch, Suryapur and Saurashtra in Gujarat, North Konkan and South Konkan in Maharashtra, Dakshin Kanara in Karnataka, Malabar in Kerela, Mannar, VCIC South and Poompuhar in Tamil Nadu, VCIC North and VCIC central in Andhra Pradesh, Kalinga in Odisha and Gaud in West Bengal are the proposed Coastal Economic Zones.
Sagarmala project aims to invest Rs 70,000 crore in facilitating economic growth by enhancing coastal shipping of goods.
2. Bharatmala Project:
Bharatmala is a mega plan of the government and the second-largest highways project after the NHDP that saw development of about 50,000 km. Linking India’s vast west-to-east land border from Gujarat to Mizoram this is Narendra Modi’s Rs 14,000 crore project. Road networks will also be linked in coastal states from Maharashtra to West Bengal. In a way, this road network will garland the entire country. In 5 years, the Modi government is planning to finish the 5000-km road project.
After beginning in Gujarat, the Bharat Mala project will cut through Rajasthan and Punjab, and then it will cover all the Himalayan states—Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand—before moving to Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Finally, it will also touch northeastern states of Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Mizoram.
3. Mumbai Trans Harbour Link, Shivaji Memorial:
Mumbai Trans-Harbour Link, also known as the Sewri-Nhava Sheva Trans-Harbour Link will be the India’s longest freeway grade road sea bridge at 22.5 km which will connect Mumbai with Navi Mumbai, its satellite city. Mainland Mumbai will be connected with eastern suburbs with the mainland across the harbour through a 16.5 km sea bridge and a viaduct.
The bridge will begin in Sewri, South Mumbai and cross Thane Creek north of Elephanta Island and will terminate at Chirle village, near Nhava Sheva.The estimated cost of the project is around Rs18,000 crore and is expected to be complete by 2019. Mumbai Trans-Harbour Link will also help increase connectivity to the proposed Navi Mumbai international airport.
A Rs 3600 crore grand memorial of Chhatrapati Shivaji is also being built by the BJP government in Mumbai.
4. Arunachal Pradesh on rail map:
Modi government aims for converting all meter-gauge tracks in the northeastern states to broad-gauge. In Arunachal, Railways will start survey of three railway tracks linking Tawang. Bhalukpung to Tawang, Silaphatar to Bama and Murkongselek via Rupai to Pasighat are the railway tracks that are included.
India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge over Brahmaputra will also be completed by December this year. The Bogibeel bridge will connect Dibrugarh on the south bank of the river with Dhemaji on the north bank. It will be a double-decked bridge featuring two railway lines on the lower deck and a three-lane road on the upper deck, flanked by footpaths on either side. The upper deck will be 10.5m above the lower deck.
The bridge, which is the fourth over the Brahmaputra, will facilitate easy connectivity between eastern Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and benefit nearly five million people.
5. Setu Bharatam project
The Setu Bharatam project is worth Rs 50,800-crore that aims to ensure safety in highways without railway crossings by 2019 and overhaul of 1,500 British-era bridges. By 2019, at an estimated cost of Rs 20,800 crore the project will replace 208 railway crossings with rail over bridges (ROBs). Also, across the country 1,500 bridges of the British era will be overhauled for around Rs 30,000 crore.
6. Rashtriya Rajmarg Zila Sanjoyokta Pariyojna:
Under the Rashtriya Rajmarg Zila Sanjoyokta Pariyojna, roads will be developed to connect 100 of the 676 district headquarters across the country. This project estimated at a cost of about Rs 60,000 crore and approved by Prime Minister Narendra Modi entails development of 6,600 km of highways.
The 6,600 km of national highways do not have uniform configuration across the length, these would be upgraded to ensure better connectivity
7. Inland Waterways:
Development of inland waterways has been planned by the Modi Government in rivers like Ganga, Brahmaputra and Mahanadi. 106 inland waterways are to be developed for transport of cargo and passengers in the next 2-3 years.
For the development of waterway facilities in Ganga the government has a budget of around Rs 4,000 crore. The government would also invest Rs 50000 crore for development of Paradip port.
For the development of a new port at Paradip an additional amount of Rs 8200 crore would be used. The tendering for Barak, Ghaghra, Gandak and Kosi rivers has already been initiated for fairway development.
8. Gujarat-Gorakhpur gas pipeline:
In order to cater to growing demand for cooking gas in the country the nation’s longest LPG pipeline from Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh is being planned by the Government-owned Indian Oil Corporation (IOC).The 1987-km pipeline will carry 3.75 million tons per year of LPG and move from Kandla to Gorakhpur via Ahmedabad, Ujjain, Bhopal, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi and Lucknow.
Eight of IOC’s LPG bottling plants in Central and Northern India will be connected by the proposed pipeline. The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) has sought ‘expression of interest’ from companies wishing to take capacity in the pipeline.
9. Chardham-Highway Project:
Chardham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna is a project of central govt. to improve the existing condition of Highways in Uttarakhand. The project aims at upgrading and developing the road which connects all four ‘Dhams’ which are Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath. It is an ambitious initiative to improve connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centres in the Himalayas.
Development of around 900 km of national highways is the main objective of the project. The 12,000-crore dream project will turn 1100 km damaged highways of Uttarakhand into all season road.
Char Dham Highway Development Project will boost the economy and travel industry in Uttarakhand. There will be decrements in the numbers of road accidents. Two lane road, bridges and tunnels will decrease the overall time (30% to 40%) of travel and fuel cost.
10. Highest bridge of the world on river Chenab:
The tallest bridge in the world over river Chenab at Doda is being built by the Government. The length of the bridge is 4,314 feet, it is 2,130 feet long, with 1,570 feet tied arch span and is 1,178 feet above the river Chenab on the Kauri side.It is expected to be 35 metres taller than the Eiffel Tower. The bridge is estimated to cost Rs 1198 crore. It has been designed to withstand wind speeds of upto 260 km per hour. The 1.315 km long ‘engineering marvel’ will connect Bakkal (Katra) and Kauri (Srinagar). After construction, it will surpass the current record held by Beipan River Shuibai Railway Bridge (275m) in Guizhou province of China.
The Bridge will use over 24,000 tonnes of steel and will rise 359 metres above the river bed. In order to enhance safety and security, the bridge will be made of 63mm thick special blast-proof steel as the Jammu and Kashmir region is prone to frequent terror attacks. The bridge will be designed in such a way that the concrete pillars will be able to withstand explosions and it will be painted with a special corrosion-resistant paint, which lasts for 15 years.