Participation of India in a global agreement on climate change will reduce the country’s greenhouse gases equal to closing one-sixth of India’s thermal power stations over the next 35 years. The new agreement for HFC reduction for a group of countries, which includes India, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq, is more ambitious than the previous Indian proposal for developing countries. As many as 197 countries reached a legally binding agreement in Rwanda on 15 October to phase down the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) – gases that can have global warming potential up to 12,000 times more than carbon dioxide (CO2). The agreement will come into force on 1 January, 2019, and avoid an emission of 70 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent globally – the same as stopping more than half of tropical deforestation. India agreed to cut the production and use of HFCs starting in the year 2028. India will reduce 75 percent of its cumulative HFC emissions between 2015 and 2050, under the new agreement finalized in Rwanda. The highest HFC emissions in 2050 are predicted to come from residential air-conditioning (35 percent) and commercial refrigeration. Developed countries will first start reducing HFCs in 2019, followed by a group of developing countries including China, in 2024. India is in the group of countries, which will reduce HFC consumption last, starting 2028.
Image source: Inhabitat