The state government has amended rules to treat and dispose municipal waste in group housing schemes and high-rise buildings.
During project approval, the developers of group housing schemes and high-rise buildings in the state will have to submit a plan meant for the treatment and disposal of municipal waste. After amendments, the provision has also been incorporated in township policy and building by-laws.
According to the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Rules 2016, enacted by the Union ministry of environment, forests & climate change (MoEF&CC), all group housing schemes and buildings of more than 5,000sqm in area are liable to ensure segregation of biodegradable waste at source.
An official at local self-government (LSG) said, “After examining the rules, we have incorporated these provisions in our township policy. This would help in segregation of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste at source for better disposal.”
According to the amended rules, after every three housing units (apartments and group housing), the developers are required to install a dustbin with a capacity of 0.67 cubic meter for non-biodegradable waste and 1.33 cubic meter for biodegradable waste. At ground floor, the developers will have to earmark a place for segregation where the waste will be collected. The waste will be converted into the compost, which can be used for various purposes by the residents.
The Jaipur Municipal Corporation (JMC) in November 2017 made treatment of wet waste mandatory for government and private institutions with an area of 5,000sqm or above. It also directed them to produce compost in their own campuses. However, none of them established compost plants in their campuses.
After the corporation issued orders, a one-month deadline was given to institutions to set up compost plants of required capacity to treat wet waste. Other than Centre and state government offices, it was also made mandatory for commercial establishments such as hospitals, hotels, schools, colleges, restaurants which generate over 100kg of waste daily. However, the corporation did not make efforts to impose the orders. A source at JMC said, “Initially 77 properties in the city were shortlisted where compost plants were proposed to be established. But, out of these properties, not even 10 % have set up the plant.”
Under the Environment Protection Act 1986, the civic body is empowered to impose a fine of Rs one lakh or a five year imprisonment to any institution or person who fails to follow the norms. But no action has been taken by the JMC.